Wine Victoria is the peak body representing the Victorian wine industry. The body advocates and responds to issues affecting the industry, and promotes the many wine regions of Victoria.
Tuesday, 23 April 2013 00:56
Wine production in this region dates back to 1870. After settlement in the 1840s by the Rowan family of graziers, Richard Bailey began as a storekeeper, supplying diggers on the goldfields. In 1866 Richard’s son planted vines on the rich red granite soil beneath the Warby Range, producing fortified wines of such renown that he created a thriving local and export wine business.
Climate - Ideal for ripening grapes, the Glenrowan climate is warm with low rainfall during the ripening period, cool night time temperatures and a constant breeze that allows the vines to cool rapidly at night, and warm early in the morning. This maximises temperatures for colour, flavour and tanning development.
Soils - The Warby Range is the predominant geological landmark, formed over millions of years of marine deposits and faults that lifted up granite soils to form the Ranges. The vineyards on the slopes beneath the Warby range are established on the well-drained, fertile, deep red clay and loamy soils that result from the weathering of granitic material.
Harvest - Early March to Late April
Wines – Shiraz, Muscat, Tokay and Port
Tuesday, 23 April 2013 00:54
Although vines were first planted in this region in 1848, the modern phase of winemaking in the region dates back to 1963. Named for its physical beauty and similarity to the Pyrenees Mountains bordering France and Spain, the picturesque blue-hued Pyrenees Range lies at the western reach of the Great Dividing Range.
Climate – Areas of high altitude (varying from 203 metres to 460 metres) and cool nights moderate daily temperatures allowing for the rare ability to produce a diverse range of complex yet elegant wines. Its inland location gives rise to low midsummer relative humidity and to substantial diurnal temperature ranges in spring and early summer. Relatively low humidity reduces the incidence of disease pressure resulting in minimal chemical input and some organic viticulture.
Soils – The soils are typically medium to heavy clay with quartz and isolated exposed schist on the ridges. The soils of the Pyrenees often have large amounts of gravel and may also contain red sandstone suitable for the development of rich, flavoursome red, white or sparkling wines.
Harvest – is generally from early February to the end of April
Wines – Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
Tuesday, 23 April 2013 00:53
The Yarra Valley is Victoria’s oldest wine region dating back to 1838. Today the area is one of Victoria’s leading wine regions with over 3,000 hectares under vine.
Climate – Elevation ranges from 100-400 metres above sea level. Rainfall is spring dominant and varies considerably across the valley from 750 to 2000mm. The growing season is relatively cool and dry with some maritime influence in the upper reaches of the valley.
Soils - Soils vary from the lower section of the valley with duplex clays quite high in minerals, to the deep and fertile red basalt volcanic soils on the higher altitude, higher rainfall areas.
Harvest - Typically late February through to mid-April. Although in the higher parts of the region it can extend until early May.
Wines - Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon, Shiraz
Tuesday, 23 April 2013 00:52
The Upper Goulburn maintains a commitment to quality wine production with a low environmental footprint. Rich in natural beauty of lakes and river systems this region is recognised as the major gateway to Victoria’s high country. Wine production dates back to the Ritchie family deciding to plant wine grapes at their Delatite property in 1968. Yields are low, and the cool climate produces generally fine wines with elevation being a key factor in determining style.
Climate - The cool evenings of the high country, combined with its location on the northern side of the Great Dividing Range and significantly higher sunlight hours gives this region a natural advantage.
Soils - Soils range from granitic and granodiorite, to sandstone, siltstone, claystone, limestone and dolomite.
Harvest - Mid - March to late May.
Wines – Chardonnay, Riesling and Gewurztraminer, Sauvignon Blanc, Sparkling Wine, Pinot Gris, Marsanne, Rousanne, Viognier, Pinot Meunier.
Tuesday, 23 April 2013 00:51
Sunbury is one of Victoria’s oldest wine regions producing wine since 1860. Sunbury is located close to Melbourne and the terrain includes deep valleys, steep hills and remnant indigenous grasslands at the eastern edge of the world’s greatest volcanic plain.
Climate - The climate is influenced by the cooling winds that blow over the plain. The nearby Macedon Ranges to the north and the sea to the south also exercise their respective cooling influences.
Soils - The soils are typically dark and are not particularly fertile (except on old alluvial river terraces). Their depth and structure varies significantly from lower level plains to hillsides.
Harvest - Late March to early May.
Wines – Chardonnay, Shiraz
Tuesday, 23 April 2013 00:48
Rutherglen is one of Australia’s most celebrated wine regions. Winemaking has been at the heart of the region since the 1850s. Generations later, the families who founded Rutherglen are still making wine today, joined by entrepreneurial newcomers bringing fresh ideas to build on the region’s history. Rutherglen offers a rich diversity of style – red and white table wines, sparkling wines and its internationally acclaimed fortified wines.
Climate – The dry, warm climate provides conditions for a broad range of varieties and styles. As a result, the region’s producers have trialled many varieties over the generations and continue to do so with excellent propensity for fruit ripeness and diversity of style.
Soils – The old vines that are the backbone of Rutherglen’s great fortified wines are grown on a band of loam on the lower slopes of the gentle local hills called the Rutherglen loam. Bands of red clay and quartz are also found in parts of the region where gold was once mined. Another entirely different soil type is ‘Black Dog fine sandy loam’ found around those wineries that are closer to the Murray River.
Harvest – Mid-February to late April
Wines – Muscat, Whites with complexity (Marsanne, Roussanne and Viognier), Shiraz, Durif
Tuesday, 23 April 2013 00:46
The Grampians is primarily a red wine producing area and the wines possess a rare combination of elegance and power, and an exceptional capacity to age. Dominated by the Grampians National Park, the region is redolent with winemaking traditions carried forward by a new breed of highly skilled and enthusiastic winemakers.
Climate – A Mediterranean climate, with proximity to the Southern Ocean (between 100-200kms) providing a cooling influence during summer. Recognised as a cool climate grape growing region, the growing season in summer is characterised by warm to hot days, however the nights are cool to cold. Autumn is mild and reliably produces the most pleasant weather perfect for ripening grapes in these most benign conditions. The region is especially well suited to later ripening red varieties.
Soils – The formation of the Grampians region covers the oldest geological areas. Our ancient soils derived from Ordovician shales and Devonian granites are well structured, fragile and of low fertility.
Harvest – The vines are well balanced and produce low yields for harvest from late March to mid-May
Wines – Riesling, Shiraz, sparkling Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon
Tuesday, 23 April 2013 00:44
Limited in quantity but exceptionally high quality, the Macedon Ranges has a reputation that continues to shine.
Climate - A sprawling region, Macedon Ranges is at the sharp end of Australian cool climate viticulture. Site selection and the careful partnering with grape variety, canopy management and relatively low yields are the prerequisites for success.
Soils - Skeletal mountain soils, most typically granitic sandy loams, further restrict yields and promote a finesse of viticulture and viniculture that promotes excellence.
Harvest - Mid-March to late May
Wines - Chardonnay, Riesling, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Shiraz, Sparkling Wine
Tuesday, 23 April 2013 00:25
Heathcote has become recognised as a producer of extraordinary Shiraz wines, rivalling the Rhone Valley from where the grape cuttings were sourced. Grown on old and unique Cambrian soils, the wine style resonates with the individuality of the wine makers. It is home to some flagship winemakers who have achieved international fame for their interpretation of Australian terroir.
Climate - The climate and soils are strongly influenced by the Mt Camel Range which runs from Corop to Tooborac. This stretch provides a natural tunnel for the prevailing cool south to south-east winds that blow throughout the growing period from October to March. This results in slightly cooler summer temperatures than nearby Bendigo.
Soils - The slopes of the Mt Camel Range comprise a superb red soil, with fine structure overlying uniformly textured red calcareous sodic clay soils.
Harvest - Mid-March to late May
Wines – Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon
Tuesday, 23 April 2013 00:19
This is a broad valley served well by the pristine Goulburn River. A region famous for fruit growing, the grapes in this area date back to the 1850s with some of the oldest Shiraz and Marsanne vines in the world growing on the Tahbilk Estate.
Climate - The climate is gently warm. This region has a typical inland valley floor climate and substantial diurnal temperature ranges. This is mitigated by the abundance of lakes, billabongs and creeks associated with the meandering Goulburn River, as well as occasional river breezes. Abundant water for irrigation and loose textured sandy, gravelly soils typically produce generous yields without compromising colour or flavour.
Soils - While sandy loams predominate, gravel sub-soils are a heritage of the Goulburn River’s prior courses. Warmed by temperatures cooler than the Barossa but warmer than the Yarra Valley, these fertile soils produce beautiful wine.
Harvest - Mid-March to late May
Wines – Riesling, Cabernet Sauvignon, Marsanne, Shiraz